Towards the end of the 19th century, a large complex of buildings was built to dry and store rice in the San Sabba quarter, on the outskirts of Trieste.
Sadly, however, these buildings became famous during the second world war for being a horrific Nazi concentration camp - the only one to exist in Italy.
Yet very soon the prisoners considered most dangerous began to be murdered, with the old rice-drying facilities turned into a fully operational crematorium.
During the Nazi retreat in 1945, the crematorium and chimney were blown up in order not to leave any trace of the atrocities, but the Risiera di San Sabba remains a precious testament to the importance of preserving our Memory.
For this reason, it has been a civic museum since 1975. Things to visit include:
The death cell, where the prisoners considered most dangerous were held a few hours before being executed
The other cells for those who were to be deported in the following days
The Sala delle Croci, which displays personal objects stolen from Trieste’s Jews by the Nazis
An impression of the crematorium
A commemoration room
The Risiera di San Sabba can be found in Via Giovanni Palatucci, 5, around 15 minutes’ drive from the 4-star Hotel Miramare. Entrance is free.