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San Sabba Rice Mill

A place where it is possible to commemorate what happened here in the past and that must never be forgotten

During the last years of the 19th century in the San Saba district (that over time has become known as San Sabba) situated on the outskirts of Trieste, a large complex was built where rice was dried and stored.

In reality, this complex became sadly famous during World War II for being a terrible Nazi labour camp, the only concentration camp in Italy.

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Its history

As from the signing of the Armistice on 8th September 1943, supervised by the Official Odilo Globočnik from Trieste, the San Sabba Rice Mill became the point of reference for the temporary imprisonment of captured Italian soldiers.

However, shortly afterwards, the most dangerous prisoners were killed here and for this reason, the ancient furnace, normally used for drying rice, was transformed in to a veritable crematorium.

With the retreat of the Nazis in 1945, the crematorium and the relative chimney were naturally demolished using explosives, in order to avoid leaving any trace of these atrocious crimes, yet the San Sabba Rice Mill remains extremely precious proof recalling such terrible events.
For this reason, in 1975 it became a Civic Museum where, among other things, you can visit:

• The Death Cell where the most dangerous prisoners were kept and who were killed within a few hours
• The Cells - the other cells intended for those who were to be deported during the following days
• The Hall of Crosses where personal items are kept and which were stripped from the Jews by the Nazis in Trieste
• Traces of the crematorium
• Memorial Hall

Where it is situated

The San Sabba Rice Mill is situated in Via Giovanni Palatucci, 5 approximately a 15-minute drive from the 4-Star Hotel Miramare. Entry is free of charge.

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